ring joy and hope to a society in need of health. When a crisis arises or communities need medical services, there is still a solution. Field hospitals are great for tackling the Covid 19 pandemic and countries where the contraction developed are in short supply.
The World Health Organization gives the definition of a field hospital as: “a mobile, self-contained, self-sufficient health care facility capable of rapid deployment and expansion or contraction to meet immediate emergency requirements for a specified period of time”.
A field hospital is a small mobile medical facility that takes care of casualties close to the battlefield, or in case of disasters, the scene of the natural or man-made catastrophe.
The emergency field hospital is mobile and ready to deploy at a moment’s notice to provide emergency medical relief in disaster-stricken areas where the medical infrastructure is damaged, overwhelmed, or nonexistent.
The emergency field hospital expands the medical response capacity by quickly putting the right equipment and resources in disaster areas.
The hospital is designed to be customizable, meaning each response is unique and tailored to the needs of the people in a disaster-stricken area.
At its maximum deployed capacity, the emergency field hospital is made up of all the components listed below:
- Emergency room
- Ultrasound imaging capabilities
- More than 50 inpatient beds (may be deployed with as few as 20 beds
- Operating room
- Surgical sterilization tent
- Digital X-ray capabilities
- Critical care unit
- The emergency field hospital arrives with all of the necessary equipment to be self-sufficient, including generators and water purification systems
MODERN FIELD HOSPITALS
In the United States, there are more than 75 military hospitals and 461 clinics who see both military personnel and their families. In times of emergency, they see civilian patients. Another example is Israel. The Israel Defense Forces can set up a field hospital within 12 hours of arriving when local hospitals are either overwhelmed or are not functioning. These are two examples of modern military field hospitals serving a dual purpose.
Modern field hospitals have changed from canvas tents to modern, well-equipped health care centers. While many are still made of fabric, they are specifically designed to be clean, safe and comfortable shelters. They are highly mobile and may be found in nearly all parts of the world. They range in size from small single room shelters to fully equipped hospitals with 200 or more beds. They provide all kinds of necessary medical care. Modern field hospitals may have emergency rooms (ER), intensive care unit (ICU) and outpatient clinics. They provide all areas of needed health care from first aid to psychological care to preventive healthcare.
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